Izmir is one of the touristic regions and import-export centers of Turkey. The province as a whole is Turkey's third largest exporter after Istanbul and Bursa. Due to these facts, the province is one of the main provinces with a hectic traffic flow and Izmir Airport is currently ranked as the fourth among the country airports in terms of passenger traffic.
The competition among airline companies has emerged low cost airfare in Turkey in recent years. Hence, the popularity of air transportation has significantly grown in the country compared to past.
Based on the facts, an expansion was deemed necessary to accommodate the forecasted increase in flights at the airport which forecast (under the base case scenario) about 6% annual increase in air traffic during the concession period. The expansion;
- will improve the efficiency of airport operations,
- will increase the number of aircraft and passengers the airport can serve,
- will help reductions in travel, access and waiting time,
- will support for the growth of the regional economy, and
- will minimize the need for airport development in new locations by making best use of existing capacity where possible.
TAV Ege Terminal Yatırım Yapım ve İşletme A.Ş. (TAV-Ege), a subsidiary of TAV Havalimanları Holding A.Ş. (“TAV Airports Holding”), has won the tender for the operating rights of the İzmir Adnan Menderes Airport Domestic and International Terminals until the year 2032. According to the Lease Agreement between TAV-Ege
ESIA Report summarizes the key stages of the ESIA process undertaken for the proposed İzmir International Airport Expansion Project. As such, it presents the approach that has been adopted for the execution of this ESIA and defines the methodology that has been used for the assessment of impacts.
In the impact assessment stage of the ESIA process;
- Major activities to be performed during construction and operation phases are identified and defined;
- Potential environmental and social impacts of each defined activity are identified;
- Significance of each impact of the defined activities is assessed.
The identification and assessment of environmental and social impacts are carried out based on the national and international legislations as well as pertinent guidelines.
The development of the ESIA was guided by a number of national and international legislations and guidelines, namely:
- Environmental Law No. 2872 (As Amended with the Law dated April 26, 2006 and numbered 5491) (which requires compliance with pertinent Turkish regulations concerning air, water, soil quality etc.)
- Turkish EIA Regulation (Official Gazette dated 17.07.2008 and numbered 26939);
- Directive on Environmental Impact Assessment (85/337/EEC) as amended by EC Directive 97/11/EC, 2003/35/EC and 2009/31/EC
- Review of the European Union Strategy for Sustainable Development (COM/2009/0400 final)
- Environmental and Social Policy of the EBRD, May 2008
- Equator Principles, June 2006
- IFC Sustainability Framework, January 2012
- IFC General Environmental, Health and Safety Guidelines, April, 2007 (including wastewater and ambient water quality, waste management and hazardous materials management, noise management, occupational health and safety, and construction and decommissioning guidelines)
- IFC Environmental, Health and Safety Guidelines for Airports”, April, 2007
- IFC General Environmental, Health and Safety Guidelines: Contaminated Land”, April 2007
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The Project Site is located in Gaziemir District of İzmir Province in Aegean Region of Turkey. The Project Site is situated at 18 km southwest of İzmir on the way to Selçuk, Ephesus and Pamukkale.
Non technical Summary (NTS)
The new Domestic Terminal is designed to have a total area 185.000m² with eight passenger boarding bridges and planned to be connected with the International Terminal by a bridge system. The new multi storey car park is designed to have a total area of 82.500m² and 2.559 spaces for car parking in multi-storey car park and 535 spaces in the open car park area.
During the initial stages of the ESIA, TAV undertook a scoping exercise to identify potential environmental and social aspects that required to be assessed in the ESIA. Following the completion of a scoping exercise the following topics were considered within the ESIA:
- Air quality;
- Water quality;
- Soil quality;
- Traffic & transport;
- Waste management;
- Social (including health & safety); and
Impacts related to involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples were scoped out of the assessment. Following consultation with Izmir Board of Preservation of Cultural Heritage there are also not anticipated to be any archaeological or cultural heritage resources at the site and as such cultural heritage was scoped out the ESIA. However in order to ensure compliance with PS 8/PR 8 “Cultural Heritage”, TAV will develop a chance find procedure which has been incorporated in the ESMP.
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Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP)
TAV-Ege has approached International Financial Institutions, including the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and UniCredit Group (UniCredit) to potentially finance the project. Therefore his SEP has been developed in line with the standards required by these institutions, namely EBRD’s Environmental and Social Policy (2008) and Equator Principles (2006) (EPs). Primarily, the SEP includes the identified stakeholders for the Project, gives information on the consultation activities carried out up to date and sets out the planned Programme for forthcoming disclosure of project information and consultation with stakeholders, and methods for handling stakeholders’ concerns and grievances should any arise.
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